ccna 1 arp arp proxy bootp dhcp

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  • ARP proxy, RARP y los servicios de gateway, DHCP y BootPCisco Networking Academy ProgramCCNA-1

  • Arp Proxy Rarp BootPDHCP

    Agenda

  • ARP Proxy (RFC 1027)172.16.10.100/1600:00:0C:04:36:AA172.16.20.200/1600:00:0C:04:36:DD172.16.10.99/2400:00:0C:04:36:AB172.16.20.99/2400:00:0C:04:36:CDe0e1Ping 172.16.20.200Tabla ARPDireccin IP Direccin MAC172.16.20.200 00:00:0C:04:36:ABSolicitud ARPRespuesta ARP

    Hoja1

    IP ClienteIP destinoMAC ClientePuerto destino

    0.0.0.0255.255.255.255MAC Cliente67

    IP origenIP destinoEncabezado

    0.0.0.0255.255.255.255BootP

    MAC origenMAC destinoEncabezadoEncabezado

    MAC ClienteMAC - BroadcastIPBootP

    MAC OrigenIP OrigenMAC DestinoIP Destino

    00:00:0C:04:36:AA172.16.10.10000:00:00:00:00:00172.16.20.200

    Hoja2

    Hoja3

    Hoja1

    IP ClienteIP destinoMAC ClientePuerto destino

    0.0.0.0255.255.255.255MAC Cliente67

    IP origenIP destinoEncabezado

    0.0.0.0255.255.255.255BootP

    MAC origenMAC destinoEncabezadoEncabezado

    MAC ClienteMAC - BroadcastIPBootP

    MAC OrigenIP OrigenMAC DestinoIP Destino

    00:00:0C:04:36:AA172.16.10.10000:00:00:00:00:00172.16.20.200

    MAC origenMAC destinoEncabezado

    00:00:0C:04:36:AAFF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:ARP

    Hoja2

    Hoja3

    Hoja1

    IP ClienteIP destinoMAC ClientePuerto destino

    0.0.0.0255.255.255.255MAC Cliente67

    IP origenIP destinoEncabezado

    0.0.0.0255.255.255.255BootP

    MAC origenMAC destinoEncabezadoEncabezado

    MAC ClienteMAC - BroadcastIPBootP

    MAC OrigenIP OrigenMAC DestinoIP DestinoMAC OrigenIP OrigenMAC DestinoIP Destino

    00:00:0C:04:36:AA172.16.10.10000:00:00:00:00:00172.16.20.20000:00:0C:04:36:AB172.16.20.000:00:0C:04:36:AA172.16.10.100

    MAC origenMAC destinoEncabezadoMAC origenMAC destinoEncabezado

    00:00:0C:04:36:AAFF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:ARP00:00:0C:04:36:AB00:00:0C:04:36:AAARP

    Hoja2

    Hoja3

    Hoja1

    IP ClienteIP destinoMAC ClientePuerto destino

    0.0.0.0255.255.255.255MAC Cliente67

    IP origenIP destinoEncabezado

    0.0.0.0255.255.255.255BootP

    MAC origenMAC destinoEncabezadoEncabezado

    MAC ClienteMAC - BroadcastIPBootP

    MAC OrigenIP OrigenMAC DestinoIP DestinoMAC OrigenIP OrigenMAC DestinoIP Destino

    00:00:0C:04:36:AA172.16.10.10000:00:00:00:00:00172.16.20.20000:00:0C:04:36:AB172.16.20.20000:00:0C:04:36:AA172.16.10.100

    MAC origenMAC destinoEncabezadoMAC origenMAC destinoEncabezado

    00:00:0C:04:36:AAFF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:ARP00:00:0C:04:36:AB00:00:0C:04:36:AAARP

    Hoja2

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  • 172.16.10.100/1600:00:0C:04:36:AA172.16.20.200/1600:00:0C:04:36:DD172.16.10.99/2400:00:0C:04:36:AB172.16.20.99/2400:00:0C:04:36:CDe0e1ARP Proxy (RFC 1027)

  • ARP y la direccin de default Gateway172.16.10.100/2400:00:0C:04:36:AA172.16.20.200/2400:00:0C:04:36:DDTabla ARPDireccin IP Direccin MAC172.16.10.99/2400:00:0C:04:36:AB172.16.20.99/2400:00:0C:04:36:CDe0e1Ping 172.16.20.200172.16.10.99 00:00:0C:04:36:ABSolicitud ARPRespuesta ARP

    Hoja1

    IP ClienteIP destinoMAC ClientePuerto destino

    0.0.0.0255.255.255.255MAC Cliente67

    IP origenIP destinoEncabezado

    0.0.0.0255.255.255.255BootP

    MAC origenMAC destinoEncabezadoEncabezado

    MAC ClienteMAC - BroadcastIPBootP

    MAC OrigenIP OrigenMAC DestinoIP Destino

    00:00:0C:04:36:AA172.16.10.10000:00:00:00:00:00172.16.10.99

    Hoja2

    Hoja3

    Hoja1

    IP ClienteIP destinoMAC ClientePuerto destino

    0.0.0.0255.255.255.255MAC Cliente67

    IP origenIP destinoEncabezado

    0.0.0.0255.255.255.255BootP

    MAC origenMAC destinoEncabezadoEncabezado

    MAC ClienteMAC - BroadcastIPBootP

    MAC OrigenIP OrigenMAC DestinoIP Destino

    00:00:0C:04:36:AA172.16.10.10000:00:00:00:00:00172.16.20.200

    MAC origenMAC destinoEncabezado

    00:00:0C:04:36:AAFF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:ARP

    Hoja2

    Hoja3

    Hoja1

    IP ClienteIP destinoMAC ClientePuerto destino

    0.0.0.0255.255.255.255MAC Cliente67

    IP origenIP destinoEncabezado

    0.0.0.0255.255.255.255BootP

    MAC origenMAC destinoEncabezadoEncabezado

    MAC ClienteMAC - BroadcastIPBootP

    MAC OrigenIP OrigenMAC DestinoIP DestinoMAC OrigenIP OrigenMAC DestinoIP Destino

    00:00:0C:04:36:AA172.16.10.10000:00:00:00:00:00172.16.20.20000:00:0C:04:36:AB172.16.10.9900:00:0C:04:36:AA172.16.10.100

    MAC origenMAC destinoEncabezadoMAC origenMAC destinoEncabezado

    00:00:0C:04:36:AAFF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:ARP00:00:0C:04:36:AB00:00:0C:04:36:AAARP

    Hoja2

    Hoja3

    Hoja1

    IP ClienteIP destinoMAC ClientePuerto destino

    0.0.0.0255.255.255.255MAC Cliente67

    IP origenIP destinoEncabezado

    0.0.0.0255.255.255.255BootP

    MAC origenMAC destinoEncabezadoEncabezado

    MAC ClienteMAC - BroadcastIPBootP

    MAC OrigenIP OrigenMAC DestinoIP DestinoMAC OrigenIP OrigenMAC DestinoIP Destino

    00:00:0C:04:36:AA172.16.10.10000:00:00:00:00:00172.16.20.20000:00:0C:04:36:AB172.16.20.20000:00:0C:04:36:AA172.16.10.100

    MAC origenMAC destinoEncabezadoMAC origenMAC destinoEncabezado

    00:00:0C:04:36:AAFF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:ARP00:00:0C:04:36:AB00:00:0C:04:36:AAARP

    Hoja2

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  • 172.16.10.100/2400:00:0C:04:36:AA172.16.20.200/2400:00:0C:04:36:DD172.16.10.99/2400:00:0C:04:36:AB172.16.20.99/2400:00:0C:04:36:CDe0e1

    ARP y la direccin de default Gateway

  • Cliente RARPServidor RARPRARP (RFC 903)Solicitud RARPRespuesta ARP

    Hoja1

    IP ClienteTu IPMAC ClientePuerto OrigenPuerto DestinoEncabezadoIP OrigenIP DestinoEncabezadoEncabezadoMAC OrigenMAC DestinoEncabezadoEncabezadoEncabezado

    0.0.0.0192.168.0.200:00:0C:04:36:AA6768BootP192.168.0.1255.255.255.255UDPBootP00:00:0C:04:36:BBFF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FFIPUDPBootP

    192.168.0.1

    00:00:0C:04:36:BB

    Hoja2

    Hoja3

    Hoja1

    IP ClienteIP destinoMAC ClientePuerto destino

    0.0.0.0255.255.255.255MAC Cliente67

    IP origenIP destinoEncabezado

    0.0.0.0255.255.255.255BootP

    MAC origenMAC destinoEncabezadoEncabezado

    MAC ClienteMAC - BroadcastIPBootP

    MAC OrigenIP OrigenMAC DestinoIP Destino

    00:00:0C:04:36:AA0.0.0.000:00:0C:04:36:AA0.0.0.0

    Hoja2

    Hoja3

    Hoja1

    IP ClienteIP destinoMAC ClientePuerto destino

    0.0.0.0255.255.255.255MAC Cliente67

    IP origenIP destinoEncabezado

    0.0.0.0255.255.255.255BootP

    MAC origenMAC destinoEncabezadoEncabezado

    MAC ClienteMAC - BroadcastIPBootP

    MAC OrigenIP OrigenMAC DestinoIP Destino

    00:00:0C:04:36:AA172.16.10.10000:00:00:00:00:00172.16.20.200

    MAC origenMAC destinoEncabezado

    00:00:0C:04:36:AAFF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:ARP

    Hoja2

    Hoja3

    Hoja1

    IP ClienteIP destinoMAC ClientePuerto destino

    0.0.0.0255.255.255.255MAC Cliente67

    IP origenIP destinoEncabezado

    0.0.0.0255.255.255.255BootP

    MAC origenMAC destinoEncabezadoEncabezado

    MAC ClienteMAC - BroadcastIPBootP

    MAC OrigenIP OrigenMAC DestinoIP DestinoMAC OrigenIP OrigenMAC DestinoIP Destino

    00:00:0C:04:36:AA172.16.10.10000:00:00:00:00:00172.16.20.20000:00:0C:04:36:BB192.168.0.100:00:0C:04:36:AA192.168.0.2

    MAC origenMAC destinoEncabezadoMAC origenMAC destinoEncabezado

    00:00:0C:04:36:AAFF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:ARP00:00:0C:04:36:AB00:00:0C:04:36:AAARP

    Hoja2

    Hoja3

    Hoja1

    IP ClienteIP destinoMAC ClientePuerto destino

    0.0.0.0255.255.255.255MAC Cliente67

    IP origenIP destinoEncabezado

    0.0.0.0255.255.255.255BootP

    MAC origenMAC destinoEncabezadoEncabezado

    MAC ClienteMAC - BroadcastIPBootP

    MAC OrigenIP OrigenMAC DestinoIP DestinoMAC OrigenIP OrigenMAC DestinoIP Destino

    00:00:0C:04:36:AA172.16.10.10000:00:00:00:00:00172.16.20.20000:00:0C:04:36:AB172.16.20.20000:00:0C:04:36:AA172.16.10.100

    MAC origenMAC destinoEncabezadoMAC origenMAC destinoEncabezado

    00:00:0C:04:36:AAFF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:ARP00:00:0C:04:36:ABFF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FFARP

    Hoja2

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  • BootPPermite obtener: * Direccin IP,* Default Gateway* Nombre del archivo de inicio. para logar el arranque de un host en forma remotaRFC 951 - Bootstrap RFC 1497 - Extensiones de la informacin de los distribuidores de BOOTPDefinido en ...

  • BootP (Encabezado)

  • BootPCliente BootPServidor BootPEnva la respuesta BootP

    Hoja1

    IP ClienteTu IPMAC ClientePuerto OrigenPuerto DestinoEncabezadoIP OrigenIP DestinoMAC OrigenMAC Destino

    0.0.0.00.0.0.000:00:0C:04:36:AA6867BootP0.0.0.0255.255.255.25500:00:0C:04:36:AAFF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF

    Hoja2

    Hoja3

    Hoja1

    IP ClienteTu IPMAC ClientePuerto OrigenPuerto DestinoEncabezadoIP OrigenIP DestinoEncabezadoEncabezadoMAC OrigenMAC Destino

    0.0.0.00.0.0.000:00:0C:04:36:AA6867BootP0.0.0.0255.255.255.255UDPBootP00:00:0C:04:36:AAFF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF

    Hoja2

    Hoja3

    Hoja1

    IP ClienteTu IPMAC ClientePuerto OrigenPuerto DestinoEncabezadoIP OrigenIP DestinoEncabezadoEncabezadoMAC OrigenMAC DestinoEncabezadoEncabezadoEncabezado

    0.0.0.00.0.0.000:00:0C:04:36:AA6867BootP0.0.0.0255.255.255.255UDPBootP00:00:0C:04:36:AAFF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FFIPUDPBootP

    Hoja2

    Hoja3

    Hoja1

    IP ClienteTu IPMAC ClientePuerto OrigenPuerto DestinoEncabezadoIP OrigenIP DestinoEncabezadoEncabezadoMAC OrigenMAC DestinoEncabezadoEncabezadoEncabezado

    0.0.0.0192.168.0.200:00:0C:04:36:AA6867BootP0.0.0.0255.255.255.255UDPBootP00:00:0C:04:36:AAFF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FFIPUDPBootP

    Hoja2

    Hoja3

    Hoja1

    IP ClienteTu IPMAC ClientePuerto OrigenPuerto DestinoEncabezadoIP OrigenIP DestinoEncabezadoEncabezadoMAC OrigenMAC DestinoEncabezadoEncabezadoEncabezado

    0.0.0.0192.168.0.200:00:0C:04:36:AA6768BootP0.0.0.0255.255.255.255UDPBootP00:00:0C:04:36:AAFF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FFIPUDPBootP

    Hoja2

    Hoja3

    Ho